英国皇家国际工作接洽所:数字钱币给财经和地缘政事带来挑拨

英国皇家国际事务研究所全球经济和金融项目副研究员 Stewart Fleming 和高级顾问研究员 Stephen Pickford 在文章《数字货币给经济和地缘政治带来挑战》(Digital Currencies: Economic and Geopolitical Challenges)中称,大型科技公司在全球金融领域的扩张仍处于起步阶段。但是随着这些巨头的扩张以及银行自身扩大其数字足迹,金融技术不仅将重塑商业领域,还将重塑地缘政治领域。央行之间的合作不仅可以在制定主权数字货币的国际标准方面发挥关键作用,而且还可以在数字化的全球金融体系的监管方面发挥关键作用。

在拜登政府的领导下,由各国央行组成的发达经济体开展合作的可能性也有所提高。中国不仅拥有世界上最大的一些“金融科技”公司,其数字人民币计划也对美国在数字金融领域的领导地位以及美元在国际货币体系中的核心地位构成了威胁。鉴于当今金融的全球一体化特性,美国应该通过与其他志同道合的政府在数字金融领域加强合作,而不是通过专注于顽强捍卫美元的传统地位来保护自身利益。

Ø The expansion of big tech firms into global finance is still in its infancy. But, as these giants expand and banks themselves widen their digital footprints, financial technology will reshape not just the commercial but also the geopolitical sphere.Ø Cooperative agreements among these central banks could also play a pivotal role in shaping not just international standards for sovereign digital currencies, but also for the regulation and supervision of a more deeply digitized global financial system. And the chances of this advanced economy group of central banks working together are enhanced by the arrival of President Joe Biden in the White House.

Ø As China takes forward its own plans for a digital currency with a financial system boasting some of the largest ‘fintech’ firms in the world, this is a threat to US leadership in digital finance and the dollar’s role at the center of the international monetary system.Ø Given the globally-integrated nature of finance today, the US would protect its own interests best by cooperating with other like-minded governments to shape the overall design of digital finance together, rather than focus on a dogged defense of the dollar’s traditional position.。

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